Memorial Day weekend is the traditional start of the gardening season for many. It is the time families plant their vegetables, containers of flowers and spruce up their landscapes.
"Make this year''s gardening season the best with a little planning and planting," said gardening expert, TV host and author Melinda Myers.
According to Myers, gardeners can help plants flourish and improve the overall gardening experience this Memorial Day weekend by following these simple steps:
- Take time to make a list. Just like grocery shopping it will help you focus on what you need and avoid spending money on sale plants or new beautiful plant varieties that will not fit in the space or growing conditions in your yard.
- Be prepared when you arrive at the garden center and allow plenty of time. It will be busy. Staff will just barely be able to keep up checking out customers and loading vehicles while trying to help answer customers'' questions. Be patient. This is where preplanning and the list will make your visit go more smoothly. So take a deep breath and enjoy the excitement of the day.
- Select healthy plants with deep green or appropriately colored leaves free of brown edges from drought stress. Check along the stems and undersides of the leaves. Avoid plants with brown spots, holes, or speckling that indicates insect or disease problems.
- Next, lightly brush over the plants. If a cloud of white, fly-like insects appear, leave the whitefly-infested plants on the rack. No need to spend money to bring home new problems.
- With transplants, bigger is not always better. Look for stout plants with sturdy stems. Overgrown and leggy transplants often take longer to root and get established.
- Plant your new plants in properly prepared soil. Adding a couple inches of organic matter and a slow-release low-nitrogen fertilizer, if needed, will improve both sandy/rocky soils and heavy clay.
- Handle your transplants with care. Push on the sides of the container to loosen the roots and slide out the transplant. Gently massage the roots of potbound plants to encourage them to grow beyond their original rootball.
- Plant flowers and vegetables at the same depth they were growing in the container and cover the roots with soil, water and mulch. Tomatoes are the exception. Long leggy tomatoes can be planted deeper to encourage roots to form along the buried stem.
- Now comes the hard part. Pinch off the flowers. This allows the plant to put all its energy into forming roots instead of flowers and seeds. If you can''t bring yourself to do this to every flower, try removing the flowers on every other plant or every other row.Your sacrifice will result in fuller plants and more flowers throughout the season.
- Water new plantings thoroughly, so the top 4 to 6 inches are moist. Mulch with shredded leaves, evergreen needles or other organic material to keep the soil moist and help suppress weeds.
- Check new plants and water as needed to keep the soil slightly moist. Gradually reduce the frequency, so you are watering thoroughly once a week in heavy soils and twice a week in sandy/rocky soils. Of course, you will need to adjust the schedule based on the weather and plants.